For those times when you reach for the baking soda mid-recipe only to discover that SOMEONE put the emptied container back in the cupboard or those midnight home baked cookie cravings—here’s a handy list of baking ingredient substitutions!

Baking Powder
1 teaspoon baking powder = ¼ teaspoon baking soda + ½ teaspoon cream of tartar + ¼ teaspoon cornstarch

Baking Soda
½ teaspoon baking soda = 2 teaspoon baking powder

Brown Sugar
1 cup sugar +1 tablespoon molasses – put in a bowl and stir with a fork

Butter
1 cup salted butter = 1 cup margarine
1 cup salted butter = 1 cup vegetable shortening + ½ teaspoon salt
1 cup salted butter = 7/8 cup lard + ½ teaspoon salt
1 cup unsalted butter = 1 cup salted butter = 1 cup vegetable shortening = 1 cup lard *minus* ½ teaspoon salt from recipe

Buttermilk
1 cup buttermilk = 1 tablespoon lemon juice or white vinegar + enough milk to make 1 cup. Let stand for 5 minutes
1 cup buttermilk = 1 cup plain yogurt

Cake Flour
1 cup cake flour =  ¾ cup sifted all-purpose flour + 2 tablespoons cornstarch

Chocolate 
1 ounce unsweetened chocolate = 3 tablespoons natural unsweetened cocoa powder + 1 tablespoon unsalted butter, vegetable oil or shortening

Cocoa Powder
3 tablespoons natural unsweetened cocoa powder = 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate + reduce fat in recipe by 1 tablespoon
3 tablespoons Dutch-process cocoa powder = 3 tablespoons natural unsweetened cocoa powder + ⅛ teaspoon baking soda

Eggs
1 egg = ¼ cup applesauce
1 egg = 1 tablespoons ground flaxseed + 3 tablespoons water
1 egg = ¼ cup silken tofu pureed
1 egg = 3 tablespoons mayonnaise
1 egg = ½ banana mashed with ½ teaspoon baking powder

Half-and-Half
1 cup half-and-half = ½ cup whole milk + ½ cup heavy cream

Honey
1 cup = 1 1/4 cup sugar and 1/4 cup water

Milk
1 cup whole milk = ½ cup evaporated milk + ½ cup water
1 cup whole milk = 1 cup skim milk + 2 tablespoons melted butter or margarine

Molasses
1 cup dark corn syrup, honey or maple syrup or 3/4 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup water

Poultry Seasoning
1 tablespoon ground sage
+ 1 tablespoon ground thyme
+ 1 tablespoon ground marjoram
+ 1 teaspoon ground rosemary
+ 1 teaspoon crushed celery seed
+ 1 teaspoon ground black pepper
= 6 tablespoons of poultry seasoning

Sour Cream
1 cup sour cream = 1 cup plain yogurt

Vanilla Beans
1 vanilla bean = 2½ teaspoons vanilla extract

Vegetable Oil
1 cup vegetable oil = 1 cup applesauce = 1 cup fruit puree

Vegetable Shortening
1 cup vegetable shortening = 1 cup butter

Yeast
1 envelope (¼-ounce) active dry yeast = 2¼ teaspoons active dry yeast
1 envelope (¼-ounce) active dry yeast = 2¼ teaspoons rapid-rise yeast
1 envelope (¼-ounce) active dry yeast = ⅓ of a 2-ounce cake yeast

Yogurt (Plain)
1 cup = 1 cup buttermilk
1 cup = 1 cup cottage cheese blended until smooth
1 cup =1 cup sour cream